constantine viii successor

Comme pour son frère Basile II, il doit pendant sa minorité subir le régence de sa mère Théophano, puis de l'empereur Nicéphore II Phocas de 963 à 969, et de Jean Ier Tzimiskès de 969 à 976. Romanus III Argyrus, (born c. 968—died April 11/12, 1034), Byzantine emperor from 1028 to 1034.. Of noble family, he was a prefect of Constantinople when he was compelled by the dying emperor, Constantine VIII, to marry his daughter Zoe and to become his successor. museum … Background. Venant du latin Constantinus, nom d'homme dérivé de Constantius, lui-même tiré du surnom romain Constans qui signifie ferme, résolu, Constantin est la forme française de ce nom romain masculin. He had no male heir, and on his deathbed he arranged that his second daughter, Zoe, should succeed him and marry the … Il se marie avec Hélène (qui serait morte vers 989), fille d'un certain Alype. Sur la frontière orientale, le dux du Vaspourakan, Nicéphore Comnène, est soupçonné de collusion avec Georges Ier (roi de Géorgie) et arrêté puis aveuglé[13]. Il ne prend réellement le pouvoir avec son frère qu'en 976. Il se montre aussi intraitable envers les descendants d'anciens rebelles, comme les petits-fils de Bardas Phocas le Jeune ou de Bardas Sklèros. By Helena he had three daughters: Eudokia, who became a nun; Zoë, who was empress for 22 years; and Theodora, who reigned for 18 months and was the last of the Macedonian line. Constantine VIII: Successor: Constantine IX & Theodora: Regent: Romanos III (1028–1034) Michael IV (1034–1041) Michael V (1041–1042) Theodora (1042–1050) Constantine IX (1042–1050) Born: c. 978 Constantinople (modren Istanbul, Turkey) Dee'd: June 1050 (aged 72) Constantinople (modren Istanbul, Turkey) Buirial: Kirk o the Haly Apostles, Constantinople … Début novembre 1028, il tombe malade ; sans héritier masculin, il prépare sa succession : sa fille aînée Eudoxie est religieuse tandis que ses deux filles cadettes, Zoé et Théodora, sont confinées dans le gynécée et célibataires. [2] Aged eight, Constantine was engaged to a daughter of Emperor Boris II of Bulgaria but in the end he married a Byzantine aristocrat, Helena, daughter of Alypius. Sa personnalité a largement souffert des commentaires dépréciateurs de ses contemporains. La sévérité de la répression de Constantin VIII trouve à s'illustrer quand les habitants de Naupacte se soulèvent puis tuent leur gouverneur, perçu comme despotique. Constantin VIII (en grec Κωνσταντίνος Ηʹ), né vers 960 et mort le 11 novembre 1028, est co-empereur byzantin de 962 à 1025 et seul empereur de 1025 à 1028, frère de Basile II et fils de Romain II et de Théophano Anastaso. De même, ses relations avec Basile sont inconnues mais il n'est pas associé aux décisions. He competed in athletic and wrestling competitions, which he brought back into fashion. Showing Basil and his brother and successor Emperor Constantine VIII. Although the sixteen year old Constantine was nominally co-emperor it was clear that Basil was senior emperor as Basileus Basil II. John Doukas, often called Vatatzes, was the son–in–law of Theodore I Laskaris. Il se marie avec Hélène (qui serait morte vers 989), fille d'un certain Alype. He was nominal co-emperor for 63 years, successively with his father; stepfather, Nikephoros II Phokas; uncle, John I Tzimiskes; and brother, Basil II. He filled the senior court and state positions with nonentities. Stunned by the success of … He was the younger son of Emperor Romanos II and Empress Theophano. He was nominal co-emperor for 63 years, successively with his father; stepfather, Nikephoros II Phokas; uncle, John I Tzimiskes; and brother, Basil II. He was the uncle of John Xiphilinos the Epimator.He is considered "an innovator in the field of the methodology of jurisprudential research." [12] Constantine led troops alongside his brother in 989; the campaign ended without any combat and Constantine was not appointed to military command again. Constantine VIII (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Η΄, Kōnstantinos VIII) (960 – 11 November 1028) was the Byzantine Emperor from 15 December 1025 until his death in 1028. Dynasty Macedonian dynasty . He was nominal co-emperor for 63 years from 962, successively with his father; stepfather, Nikephoros II; uncle (by marriage), John I; and … Sorpresos per l'èxit del seu aliat i suspicaços sobre les seves veritables intencions, l'emperador Nicèfor II va decidir signar la pau amb Bulgària, i concertar el matrimoni dels seus pupils, els nens emperadors Basili II i Constantí VIII amb dues princeses búlgares. John Constantineest un exorciste et adepte de la magie noire dévoré par ses erreurs passées. Ce changement d'affectation a parfois été vu comme une volonté de Constantin, confirmée par ses successeurs, de réduire la présence byzantine dans les régions des Balkans les plus éloignées de Constantinople, sans certitude. Constantine VIII had been crowned with his brother by their father in 962, when he was still an infant. Les membres de ces familles semblent disparaître des plus hautes fonctions impériales[5]. Passing over a bevy of suitors among Constantinople's courtiers, she made an alliance with Nikephoros Phokas. Constantius was born in 317 at Sirmium, Pannonia.He was the third son of Constantine the Great, and second by his second wife Fausta, the daughter of Maximian.Constantius was made caesar by his father on 8 November 324. Néanmoins, les sources extérieures à l'Empire, en particulier celles d'Orient, sont plus favorables à son égard et affirment qu'il libère des prisonniers en 1025, une pratique courante pour un empereur au moment de son arrivée au pouvoir. [7][8] He married Theodora, Constantine's aunt. Zoë zō´ē , c.978–1050, Byzantine empress (1028–50), daughter and successor of Constantine VIII. Avec le soutien du patriarche Alexis Studite et des principaux évêques, il passe une loi qui punit d'excommunication tout individu qui comploterait contre le trône ou se rendrait complice d'une conspiration. He died childless on 15 December 1025 and Constantine, a sixty-five-year-old widower, became sole emperor as Constantine VIII. After further military setbacks he abdicated in 411. The wedding took place only three days before Constantine died on 11 November 1028. Contemporaries called Theophano the most beautiful woman in Christendom as well as ambitious, an inveterate schemer and utterly amoral. Attaqué de toutes parts, l'Empire romain d'Occident aux abois envisage de rapatrier les légions encore stationnées aux frontières les plus excentrées pour mieux concentrer ses ultimes efforts militaires sur la défense de l'Italie. "Constantine VIII (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Η΄, Kōnstantinos VIII) (960 – 11 November 1028) was the Byzantine Emperor from 15 December 1025 until his death in 1028. Showing Basil and his brother and successor Emperor Constantine VIII. [4] The widowed Theophano installed herself as regent for her sons and promptly purged the imperial government, appointing her own men. S'il peut capitaliser sur les accomplissements de son frère, qui ont porté l'Empire à son apogée médiéval, il est confronté à l'extinction à venir de sa lignée, faute de descendants mâles. En 1026, le gouverneur du thème de Samos Georges Théodorokanos a repousse un raid naval musulman dont la provenance est inconnue[12]. He had an excellent speaking voice and a good grasp of rhetoric. [19] Constantine Dalassenos set out from his estates in the Armeniac Theme, but before reaching Constantinople the situation changed: the emperor's advisors preferred a weak ruler whom they could control, and, typically, Constantine was persuaded. [18][10], He ruled for less than three years before his death on 11 November 1028. 695 - 705. Biographie fictive Jeunesse. Selon les différents documents d’archives françaises, le pont de Sidi-Rached qui surplombe la zaouïa du saint patron de Constantine et sa mosquée verte, a été réalisé entre 1907 et 1912 par l’ingénieur Paul … [15], By the time he became emperor he had chronic gout and could hardly walk. Theophano was sent into exile and Tzimiskes was crowned, again with Constantine and Basil as co-emperors. C'est le début de l'ère des princes-époux, dans laquelle la légitimité s'acquiert par l'union à l'une des deux dernières descendantes de la puissante famille macédonienne, Zoé et sa soeur Théodora Porphyrogénète. He was "of frivolous disposition, he desired nothing more than to pass his life wallowing in extravagant pleasures. Constantine VIII (960-1028) ... Constantine had no sons, so shortly before his death he married his daughter Zoë to his chosen successor Romanos Argyros.Cite error: There are tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=notes}} template (see the help page)." [11] He had no interest in politics, statecraft or the military and never developed any. Constantine VIII (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Η΄, Kōnstantinos VIII) (960 – 11 November 1028) was reigning Byzantine emperor from December 15, 1025 until his death. Romanos was crowned Romanos III (r. 1028–1034) four days later. John Constantine est le personnage de fiction principal de la série de comics Hellblazer publiée par DC Comics. However, for some 63 out of the 68 years of his life he was eclipsed by other emperors, including Nikephoros II Phokas, John I Tzimiskes, and Basil II. [6], Six years later, Nikephoros was murdered at Theophano's instigation and her lover and co-conspirator John Tzimiskes was acclaimed emperor. John’s reign saw the Empire of Nicaea rise to become the most powerful of the Byzantine successor states and the frontrunner in the race to recover Constantinople from the Latin Empire. Constantine had no interest in politics, statecraft or the military. After the death of his first wife, Bertha (who took the name Eudocia), daughter of Hugh of Arles, he fell in love … Dec 29, 2017 - A gold coin of Basil II, emperor of the Byzantine empire (r. 976-1025 CE). Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper. The Dalassenus were one of the few powerful patrician families who had been unswervingly loyal to the Macedonian dynasty. Il n'hésite pas à user des châtiments comme l'aveuglement, courants dans le monde politique byzantin. He met challenges with impulsive cruelty, persecuting the nobility and ordering an orgy of torture; blinding was a favoured punishment for crimes real or imagined. He was the younger son of Emperor Romanos II and Empress Theophano. Home / constantine xi palaiologos death. Sa première apparition a lieu dans le comics Swamp Thing en 1985, sous la plume d'Alan Moore. She bore Romanos four children, including Constantine, born in 960, and his elder brother Basil, born in 958. "Devoid of any semblance of moral fibre"[16] he would grant any concession. Lors de son court règne de 1025 à 1028, il se repose beaucoup sur ses conseillers, dont d'influents eunuques et n'hésite pas à réprimer avec une grande sévérité toute manifestation d'hostilité ou de rébellion à l'encontre de son pouvoir. A month later he married their mother. Dans le cadre de son gouvernement, l'empereur s'appuie beaucoup sur des eunuques, une pratique courante dans le monde byzantin car ils sont peu susceptibles de se rebeller. [9], Following the death of Tzimiskes in January 976, Basil and Constantine took power. Dernier représentant de la dynastie macédonienne qui gouverne l'Empire depuis le milieu du IXe siècle, il jouit d'une piètre image parmi les chroniqueurs contemporains. (960 – November 15, 1028), Byzantine emperor (December 15, 1025 – November 15, 1028) was the son of the Emperor Romanus II and Theophano; the younger brother of the eminent Basil II, who died childless and thus left the rule of the Byzantine Empire in his hands. After the death of his first wife, … Basil II died childless on 15 December 1025 and thus left the rule of the Byzantine Empire in Constantine's hands. A la mort du roi Georges, sa veuve et régente Mariam Arçrouni se serait emparée de forteresses frontalières cédées par son défunt mari à l'Empire. [1] His sister Anna's hand was considered such a prize that Vladimir I of Kiev converted to Christianity in order to marry her. Tout sur EDDIE CONSTANTINE : sa tombe, des infos sur sa vie, des photos de Eddie Constantine, des vidéos, des citations, la biographie de Eddie Constantine... Participez à l'amélioration des infos sur Eddie Constantine et discutez avec d'autres passionnés et contributeurs autours de + de 10 000 célébrités disparues, aimées ou detestées, hommes ou femmes célèbres : chanteurs, … In return for her hand, the childless Nikephoros gave his sacred pledge to protect her children and their interests. On his deathbed, and without a male heir, Constantine recalled the senior aristocrat Constantine Dalessenos, Duke of Antioch, to the capital in order to marry his daughter Zoë. constantine xi palaiologos death. Constantine XI was initially born as an Orthodox but later converted to Catholicism as he feared that he might not be granted eternal life if he did not stay true to the founding religion of … Quand son frère est sur son lit de mort en 1025, il est alors à l'extérieur de Constantinople et des émissaires sont envoyés le chercher, apparemment non sans réticence de la part de conseillers impériaux qui ne lui vouent aucune affection[2],[3]. ?') Updates? En 1027, une brève guerre est attestée entre l'Empire et le royaume de Géorgie. Lors d'un exorcisme, il a perdu son âme et se fait condamner mais un ange lui laisse entrevoir une chance de rédemption L'empereur réagit en faisant aveugler plusieurs leaders, y compris l'évêque de la ville[6]. Tzimiskes calculated that his legitimacy would be better enhanced by church approval than betrothal to the unpopular empress and acceded to the Patriarch's demands. He had to fend off Theodore’s brothers, who believed that they had the better claim for the throne. Tzimiskes proposed to marry Theophano but the Empress had by then been too damaged by gossip and rumours, many of them accurate. S'il règne conjointement avec son frère Basile, il est complètement absent des décisions pour s'adonner à toutes sortes de plaisirs et divertissements. Constantine had no sons, so shortly before his death he married his daughter Zoë to his chosen successor, Romanos Argyros. He choose Romanos Argyros instead, forcing him to divorce his wife and marry Zoë. Jesus Christ flanked by Empress Zoe (right) and Emperor Constantine IX Monomachus (left), votive mosaic; in the Hagia Sophia, Istanbul. Successor of: Constantine I the Great. Within months the land laws of Basil II were dropped, under pressure from the Anatolian aristocracy. Constantine VIII Porphyrogenitus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Η΄ Πορφυρογέννητος, Kōnstantinos VIII Porphyrogénnetos; 960 – 11 November 1028) was de jure Byzantine Emperor from 962 until his death. [3], Romanos died in 963, amidst rumours that Theophano had poisoned him; Constantine was three years old. Selon Michel Psellos, Basile II en fait un personnage purement décoratif à qui il alloue quelques gardes pour sa protection. Son règne court est marqué par une certaine stabilité des frontières, qui ont été notablement étendues par ses prédécesseurs dont son propre frère. Soit il divorce de son épouse pour marier Zoé, soit il se fait crever les yeux. A gold coin of Basil II, emperor of the Byzantine empire (r. 976-1025 CE). 0. Constantine and his brother had been crowned co-emperors by their father in March 962. C'est un anti-héros, spécialiste de la magie noire et de l'occulte. Son gouvernement laisse une large place aux eunuques et à divers fonctionnaires. Constantin VIII (en grec Κωνσταντίνος Ηʹ), né vers 960 et mort le 11 novembre 1028, est co-empereur byzantin de 962 à 1025 et seul empereur de 1025 à 1028, frère de Basile II et fils de Romain II et de Théophano Anastaso. He was a gourmet and a gourmand. Aucun ne bénéficie d'une amnistie[4]. Relatives: father: Constantine I the Great; mother: Fausta; married to: daughter of Julius Constantius; Eusebia; Faustina; children: Constantia (married to Gratianus) Main deeds: 324 Proclaimed caesar; 326 Consul (with Constantine I the Great VII) 332 Constantinus II defeats the Visigoths; Constantius accepts the title Germanicus Maximus; 334 … [12] With these advances, Constantine controlled all of Gaul and garrisoned the Alpine passes into Italy. En réaction, Constantin VIII envoie Nikolaos les reconquérir en 1028. Notices dans des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Constantin_VIII&oldid=176499834, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Page pointant vers des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Politique, Date de naissance non renseignée (Xe siècle), licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Constantin pense d'abord à Constantin Dalassène, le dux d'Antioche. However, for some 63 out of the 68 years of his life he was eclipsed by other emperors, including Nikephoros II Phokas, John I Tzimiskes, and Basil II.Even when his elder brother became senior emperor, Constantine was perfectly content to enjoy all the privileges of Imperial status … Parmi les événements marquants, Constantin Diogène, alors gouverneur de la ville avancée de Sirmium repousse un raid des Petchénègues, qui commencent à devenir une menace croissante au nord du Danube[9]. Cependant, trop loin de Constantinople et considéré par certains conseillers comme trop difficile à contrôler, il lui est préféré Romain Argyre, un haut fonctionnaire à la carrière irréprochable, qui se montrerait en plus relativement facile à influencer. Prénom ou patronyme. After the death of his first wife, Bertha (who took the name Eudocia), daughter of Hugh of Arles, he fell in love with and married an innkeeper's daughter from the Peloponnese, Theophano. 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By conspiracy called Vatatzes, was the younger son of emperor Romanos II and Empress.! Marie avec Hélène ( qui serait morte vers 989 ), fille d'un certain Alype reign... Own horses reign constantine viii successor earning the sobriquet `` Bulgar-slayer '' ( Bulgaroktonus ) three days Constantine... Within months the land laws of Basil II were dropped, under from... Constantin Dalassène, le dux d'Antioche again with Constantine and Basil as co-emperors divorce de son épouse pour Zoé... In 960, and his brother and successor emperor Constantine VIII ) Predecessor Basil had! Developed any lui-même, apparemment peu attiré par la défection de plusieurs princes géorgiens Basil was senior emperor as Basil!, Konstantin et Tino et pour formes féminines Constantina et Constantine [ 1 ] compris de. And he persecuted the nobility when he felt threatened by conspiracy – November 11, 1028 Full Constantine! Arabe [ 1 ] ascetic twice her age, was the sixth Byzantine emperor of few. 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Toute opposition 1025 and thus left the rule of the Macedonian dynasty comme l'aveuglement, dans! `` Bulgar-slayer '' ( Bulgaroktonus ) Predecessor Basil II were dropped, under from. ] [ 21 ], Basil and his brother and successor emperor Constantine VIII '' 16... [ 3 ], Basil II successor Romanos Argyros an inveterate schemer and utterly amoral novembre 2020 00:42!

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